Vertical CNC Lathe & Horizontal CNC Lathe

Vertical CNC Lathe & Horizontal CNC Lathe

Metal Lathes

A metal lathe is a widely used machine tool in metalworking that rotates a workpiece against a cutting tool to shape and size it as desired. Metal lathes are extensively used in manufacturing, mechanical machining, the automotive industry, aerospace, and other fields.

User Groups

Manufacturing Workers:  Used for mass production of metal parts.

Mechanical Engineers: Design and manufacture various mechanical devices.

Maintenance Workers: Repair and maintain mechanical equipment.

Hobbyists: For small projects and DIY creations.


Turning: Machining cylindrical and conical workpieces.

Drilling: Creating holes in workpieces.

Cutting: Cutting workpieces to the required length.

Threading: Creating internal and external threads.

Boring: Finishing the diameter of holes.

Introduction to Vertical and Horizontal Lathes

Vertical Lathe

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A vertical lathe has a spindle that is perpendicular to the worktable. The workpiece is typically fixed on a rotating table, making it suitable for machining large, heavy workpieces, especially those with large diameters.

Horizontal Lathe

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A horizontal lathe has a spindle that is parallel to the worktable. The workpiece is fixed on the horizontally rotating spindle, making it ideal for machining long workpieces, such as shafts.


Basic Principle: Both operate by rotating the workpiece and moving the cutting tool for metal cutting.

Main Components: Both include a spindle, tool post, bed, and feed system.

Functions: Both can perform turning, drilling, cutting, threading, and boring.



Spindle Orientation:


Vertical Lathe: Vertical spindle.

Horizontal Lathe: Horizontal spindle.


Suitable Workpieces:


Vertical Lathe: Ideal for large-diameter, heavy workpieces.

Horizontal Lathe: Suitable for long workpieces.


Workpiece Fixing Method:


Vertical Lathe: Workpiece fixed on a rotating table.

Horizontal Lathe: Workpiece fixed on a horizontally rotating spindle.




Vertical Lathe: Smaller footprint but taller height.

Horizontal Lathe: Larger footprint but shorter height.


Ease of Operation:


Vertical Lathe: Operators can more easily access large workpieces.

Horizontal Lathe: Better suited for continuous processing of small to medium-sized workpieces.

Images and Videos

Vertical Lathe Diagram:

Horizontal Lathe Diagram:


Vertical Lathe Operation Video:



Horizontal Lathe Operation Video:



Both vertical and horizontal lathes are crucial metalworking tools, each with distinct advantages and application ranges. Understanding their differences and use cases can help workers and engineers select the most suitable tool to accomplish tasks efficiently and improve product quality.